diffusion/laplace_1d.py

Description

Laplace equation in 1D with a variable coefficient.

Because the mesh is trivial in 1D, it is generated by mesh_hook(), and registered using UserMeshIO.

Find t such that:

\int_{\Omega} c(x) \tdiff{s}{x} \tdiff{t}{x}
= 0
\;, \quad \forall s \;,

where the coefficient c(x) = 0.1 + \sin(2 \pi x)^2 is computed in get_coef().

View the results using:

$ ./postproc.py -b -d't,plot_warp_scalar,rel_scaling=1' --wireframe --view=-90,90,1.5,0,0,0 --roll=0 laplace_1d.vtk
../_images/diffusion-laplace_1d.png

source code

r"""
Laplace equation in 1D with a variable coefficient.

Because the mesh is trivial in 1D, it is generated by :func:`mesh_hook()`, and
registered using :class:`UserMeshIO <sfepy.discrete.fem.meshio.UserMeshIO>`.

Find :math:`t` such that:

.. math::
    \int_{\Omega} c(x) \tdiff{s}{x} \tdiff{t}{x}
    = 0
    \;, \quad \forall s \;,

where the coefficient :math:`c(x) = 0.1 + \sin(2 \pi x)^2` is computed in
:func:`get_coef()`.

View the results using::

  $ ./postproc.py -b -d't,plot_warp_scalar,rel_scaling=1' --wireframe --view=-90,90,1.5,0,0,0 --roll=0 laplace_1d.vtk
"""
from __future__ import absolute_import
import numpy as nm
from sfepy.discrete.fem import Mesh
from sfepy.discrete.fem.meshio import UserMeshIO

def mesh_hook(mesh, mode):
    """
    Generate the 1D mesh.
    """
    if mode == 'read':
        n_nod = 101

        coors = nm.linspace(0.0, 1.0, n_nod).reshape((n_nod, 1))
        conn = nm.arange(n_nod, dtype=nm.int32).repeat(2)[1:-1].reshape((-1, 2))
        mat_ids = nm.zeros(n_nod - 1, dtype=nm.int32)
        descs = ['1_2']

        mesh = Mesh.from_data('laplace_1d', coors, None,
                              [conn], [mat_ids], descs)
        return mesh

    elif mode == 'write':
        pass

def get_coef(ts, coors, mode=None, **kwargs):
    if mode == 'qp':
        x = coors[:, 0]

        val = 0.1 + nm.sin(2 * nm.pi * x)**2
        val.shape = (coors.shape[0], 1, 1)

        return {'val' : val}

filename_mesh = UserMeshIO(mesh_hook)

materials = {
    'coef' : 'get_coef',
}

functions = {
    'get_coef' : (get_coef,),
}

regions = {
    'Omega' : 'all',
    'Gamma_Left' : ('vertices in (x < 0.00001)', 'facet'),
    'Gamma_Right' : ('vertices in (x > 0.99999)', 'facet'),
}

fields = {
    'temperature' : ('real', 1, 'Omega', 1),
}

variables = {
    't' : ('unknown field', 'temperature', 0),
    's' : ('test field',    'temperature', 't'),
}

ebcs = {
    't1' : ('Gamma_Left', {'t.0' : 0.3}),
    't2' : ('Gamma_Right', {'t.0' : -0.3}),
}

integrals = {
    'i' : 2,
}

equations = {
    'Temperature' : """dw_laplace.i.Omega(coef.val, s, t) = 0"""
}

solvers = {
    'ls' : ('ls.scipy_direct', {}),
    'newton' : ('nls.newton', {
        'i_max'      : 1,
        'eps_a'      : 1e-10,
    }),
}

options = {
    'nls' : 'newton',
    'ls' : 'ls',
}